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Kublai Khan’s Xanadu excavated

Kublai Khan’s Shangdu, which Marco Polo called Xanadu, has been excavated, revealing many new finds.

“The most exciting findings are the layout of a moat in front of the Mingde Gate to the royal capital and the highest building of Muqingge,” said Yang Xingyu, a senior archeologist with the Inner Mongolia regional bureau of cultural relics.

Archeologists spent three months excavating the ruins of Shangdu, which was built in 1256 under the command of Kublai Khan, the first emperor of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). It became a summer resort after the dynasty moved its capital to present-day Beijing in 1276. The city was destroyed during a peasant uprising at the end of the dynasty.

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