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Europe’s first farmers were experienced immigrants

Europe’s first farmers weren’t hunter-gatherers who slowly lay down their spears and learnt to sow seeds. Rather, they were already experienced immigrants to the area.

“Within a few generations, all the farmers—probably coming from southeast Europe—moved into central Europe bringing their culture, [livestock], and everything,” Joachim Burger, a molecular archaeologist at the University of Mainz in Germany, said via email.

The finding is based on analysis of genetic material in the skeletal remains of ancient hunter-gatherers and early farmers found in Germany, Lithuania, Poland, and Russia—though farming is thought to have reached areas as far west as western France during the period of rapid expansion, about 7,500 years ago.

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