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Turkish temple predates civilization

Newsweek has an interesting article about Göbekli Tepe, a temple complex in Turkey that predates the pyramids is rewriting human history.

Standing on the hill at dawn, overseeing a team of 40 Kurdish diggers, the German-born archeologist waves a hand over his discovery here, a revolution in the story of human origins. Schmidt has uncovered a vast and beautiful temple complex, a structure so ancient that it may be the very first thing human beings ever built. The site isn’t just old, it redefines old: the temple was built 11,500 years ago—a staggering 7,000 years before the Great Pyramid, and more than 6,000 years before Stonehenge first took shape. The ruins are so early that they predate villages, pottery, domesticated animals, and even agriculture—the first embers of civilization. In fact, Schmidt thinks the temple itself, built after the end of the last Ice Age by hunter-gatherers, became that ember—the spark that launched mankind toward farming, urban life, and all that followed.

Göbekli Tepe—the name in Turkish for “potbelly hill”—lays art and religion squarely at the start of that journey. After a dozen years of patient work, Schmidt has uncovered what he thinks is definitive proof that a huge ceremonial site flourished here, a “Rome of the Ice Age,” as he puts it, where hunter-gatherers met to build a complex religious community. Across the hill, he has found carved and polished circles of stone, with terrazzo flooring and double benches. All the circles feature massive T-shaped pillars that evoke the monoliths of Easter Island.

Though not as large as Stonehenge—the biggest circle is 30 yards across, the tallest pillars 17 feet high—the ruins are astonishing in number. Last year Schmidt found his third and fourth examples of the temples. Ground-penetrating radar indicates that another 15 to 20 such monumental ruins lie under the surface. Schmidt’s German-Turkish team has also uncovered some 50 of the huge pillars, including two found in his most recent dig season that are not just the biggest yet, but, according to carbon dating, are the oldest monumental artworks in the world.

One thought on “Turkish temple predates civilization

  1. What an amazing story! I am so excited by stories like this! Imagine what we can learn from it…lord knows what the workmen are stealing to sell.

    It annoys me when archaeologist explain every artifact as being a “god” or a religious site…ancient people didn’t have the time and energy to make “numerous” duplicate religious sites in the same area…that’s a simple-minded explanation. I imagine that food, water and safety were their primary concerns. They wouldn’t have wasted energy making something out of stone unless it had to last a long time and was very important.

    Imagine what could have been there that has wasted away…things made of wood or reed mats…like maybe a roof over the structures. It could have been a meeting place for various tribes to convene and trade food, flint tools, etc. Also, the animals mentioned are common to the desert and may not represent ‘evil’ or ‘monstrous’ to the artists.

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