The venue has been given Grade II status – the third-highest category – for its role in shaping British music.
Culture Minister Margaret Hodge listed the studios on the advice of English Heritage saying it had “produced some of the very best music in the world”.
Its owners EMI recently denied reports it was to be sold off to ease debts.
Listing for the property, whose official address is 3 Abbey Road, was granted due to its historic, rather than architectural, merit.
It means any future owners must be careful to make sure the character of the property is treated with respect, but it does not prohibit internal changes.
The Beatles used Abbey Road for 90% of their recordings, naming an album after the studios in 1969.