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Ancient Roman synagogue found in rural Galilee

An 1,600-year-old synagogue has been found outside of Galilee in Israel at Horvat Kur.

To the east of the monumental wall, the researchers found a totally different situation, indicating that this space was inside the building: Here a low bench made of hewn stones and covered with grey plaster runs alongside the wall, interrupted only by an entrance roughly in the center of its excavated part. The floor was made of grey hard plaster. It will need to be checked in the future if there are additional floor layers below.

Taken all the available evidence together, it seems very likely that the Kinneret Regional Project 2010 has discovered a part of the western wall of yet another ancient Galilean synagogue. Together with the well-known synagogues at Capernaum and Chorazin (both around the fifth and sixth century AD, the new synagogue at Horvat Kur — tentatively dated to the fourth or fifth century AD — adds new evidence for a very tight net of synagogues in a relatively small area on the Northwestern shores of the Lake of Galilee.

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2 thoughts on “Ancient Roman synagogue found in rural Galilee

  1. I knew about Capernaum and Chorazin, and have seen plenty of photos, but had never heard of Horvat Kur. Were there no written references to Horvat Kur anywhere? or physical relics lying around? It is not often in peoples career that they can discover totally new sites, de novo as it were.

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