In the new study, researchers produced a detailed map of where the corpse and artefacts were found.
Based on guesses about how the artefacts had dispersed down slope over time, they inferred that the body had originated on a rock platform nearby. They argued that this was a later burial site, and not the original scene of his murder.
This “burial theory” may explain some perplexing facts about Oetzi.
For example, analysis suggests he died in the spring because the pollen of plants that bloom at that time of year is found in his gut. However, pollen within the ice suggests that the corpse was deposited in the late summer.
Professor Bondioli and his team say that these facts makes most sense if the body was deliberately carried to its site of discovery many months after death.
This suggests a burial.