The statue portrays Amenhotep III wearing the double crown of Egypt, which is decorated with a uraeus, or upright cobra. The pharaoh is seated on a throne next to the Theban god Amun.
Amenhotep III, who was the grandfather of the famed boy-pharaoh Tutankhamun, ruled in the 14th century B.C. at the height of Egypt’s New Kingdom and presided over a vast empire stretching from Nubia in the south to Syria in the north.
The pharaoh’s temple was largely destroyed, possibly by floods, and little remains of its walls.