In 1671, Morgan aimed to weaken Spain’s control of the Caribbean by sacking Panama City, and the first step was to capture Castillo de San Lorenzo, a Spanish fort on the cliff overlooking the entrance to the Chagres River. That river served as the only water passageway between the Caribbean and the capital.
Morgan and his pirates of the Caribbean took over the fort and went on to overwhelm the city’s defenders. But in the process, he lost his flagship and four other ships to the rough seas and shallow reef surrounding the fort.
Story: Alan Boyle, MSNBC | Photo: MSNBC