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Evidence of terrace farming unearthed at Petra

Archaeologists working at the ancient city of Petra in Jordan have found evidence that terrace farming and dams were used to cultivate crops.

The successful terrace farming of wheat, grapes and possibly olives, resulted in a vast, green, agricultural “suburb” to Petra in an otherwise inhospitable, arid landscape. This terrace farming remained extensive and robust through the third century. Based on surface finds and comparative data collected by other researchers in the area, however, it is clear that this type of farming continued to some extent for many centuries, until the end of the first millennium (between A.D. 800 and 1000). That ancient Petra was under extensive cultivation is a testament to past strategies of land management, and is all the more striking in light of the area’s dry and dusty environment today.

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Story: M.B. Reilly, Physorg | Photo: BUPAP

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