According to Helms’ translation, the ancient text reads: “I agree that I have made a contract with you on the condition that I guard your property, a vineyard near the village Panoouei, from the present day until vintage and transport, so that there be no negligence, and on the condition that I receive in return for pay for all of the aforementioned time …”
Sadly that’s where the contract cuts off. It remains a mystery how much the guard was paid. This contract also contains the first mention of a city called Panoouei, Helms wrote. It is not clear where ancient village was, especially since vineyards were found from the Delta in the north to Elephantine, an ancient city several hundred miles south along the Nile.
Story: Megan Gannon, LiveScience | Photo: Anna M. Campbell at Elk Cove Vineyards