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Paleolithic child’s skull found with imprinted image of his brain

A skull found at Calabria's Paleolithic site in Italy has been used to recreate the brain of a 12-year-old boy who lived 17,000 years ago. “The boy was still growing and therefore the bones of his skull were quite soft,” explained Fabio Martini, a professor of ancient history at the University

Medieval skulls show evidence of brain injuries

 A study of fractured medieval skulls found at three Danish cemeteries have revealed an increased risk of early death for those who had suffered head injuries. "The vast majority only had one blow" to the head, Milner said. But two skulls had two injuries apiece, including a man with an injury

8,000-year-old brain matter found in child’s skull

Archaeologists working in Norway have found a child's skull which may contain brain matter that dates back 8,000 years. The team thinks the skull is too small for an adult and is instead probably from an infant of a maximum of ten years of age, which explains the thin and poorly

Evidence of ancient brain surgery found in Peru

The remains of 32 individuals with 45 separate trepanation procedures have been found in burial caves in Peru. "When you get a knock on the head that causes your brain to swell dangerously, or you have some kind of neurological, spiritual or psychosomatic illness, drilling a hole in the head becomes

Bronze Age brain tissue found in Turkey

Brain tissue dating back 4,000 years has been found in Bronze Age skeletons uncovered in western Turkey. It may look like nothing more than a bit of burnt log, but it is one of the oldest brains ever found. Its discovery, and the story now being pieced together of its owner's

Tool-making and language evolved at the same time

New research has revealed that the brain activity used to make tools is also used for language. They measured the brain blood flow activity of the participants as they performed both tasks using functional Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound (fTCD), commonly used in clinical settings to test patients’ language functions after brain damage

Did big eyes lead to the downfall of the Neanderthals?

A new study puts forth the claim that Neanderthals became extinct because they had larger eyes than our species. The research team explored the idea that the ancestor of Neanderthals left Africa and had to adapt to the longer, darker nights and murkier days of Europe. The result was that Neanderthals

Albert Einstein had an unusual brain

A study of 14 newly discovered photographs of Albert Einstein's brain has revealed that the great thinker's brain was highly unusual in a number of ways. The team compared Einstein’s brain with those of 85 other people and found that the great physicist did indeed have something special between his ears.