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Stone age tools reveal cultural differences

A study of stone tools found at sites 600 miles apart in South Africa are revealing the cultural differences between the groups that made them. Two of South Africa’s most famous archaeological sites, Sibudu and Blombos, have revealed that Middle Stone Age groups who lived in these different areas, more than

Humans were culturally diverse before leaving Africa

New research has revealed that there were at least four distinct cultures living in North Africa between 130,000-75,000 years ago. The researchers from the University of Oxford, Kings College London and the University of Bordeaux took over 300,000 measurements of stone tools from 17 archaeological sites across North Africa, including the

Neanderthals had distinct cultures

A study of ancient tools suggests that Neanderthals had distinct cultures they passed down from generation to generation. Dr Ruebens' investigations uncovered new evidence that two separate handaxe traditions or designs existed -- one in a region now spanning south-western France and Britain -- the other in Germany and further to

How the bow and arrow changed the world

The Columbus Dispatch has posted an interesting article about how the bow and arrow changed the world by triggering the growth of social complexity wherever it was brought into use. According to this idea, the introduction of a more-effective weapon system gave social groups a safer, more-reliable way to coerce uncooperative

The oldest evidence of Jewish culture on the Iberian Peninsula

Archaeologists have found a tomb slab which dates back to 390 A.D. that contains a Hebrew inscription, making it the oldest evidence of Jewish culture on the Iberian Peninsula. Archaeologists of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Germany) found some of the oldest archaeological evidence so far of Jewish culture on the

India’s many distinct peoples spring from two ancient populations

DNA analysis has shown that India's many distinct peoples sprang from two ancient populations, and inbreeding has led to marked genetic differences amoung the castes. Nick Patterson of the Broad Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and colleagues examined fragments of DNA from 25 groups across India. They included castes and hunter-gatherer tribes,

Early Human Culture Thrived in Crowds

According to a new study, ancient social networking led to a renaissance of new ideas that helped make us human. The research, which is published in the June 5 issue of the journal Science, suggests that tens of thousands of years ago, as human population density increased so did the transmission