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Egyptian mummy genomes mapped

Researchers have analyzed ancient DNA obtained from mummies interred at Abusir el-Meleq in Egypt. Although many of the first extractions of ancient DNA were from mummified remains, scientists raised doubts as to whether genetic data, especially so-called nuclear genome data, from mummies would ever be reliable, even if it could be

Genome study suggests farming was invented twice

A new genetic study suggests that farming was developed by two different populations in the Middle East. The team found stark differences between the genomes of Neolithic individuals from the southern Levant region, including Israel and Jordan, and those living across the Zagros Mountains in western Iran. The Zagros early farmers

Phoenician genome mapped

Scientists have mapped the genome of a Phoenician male who lived 2,500 years ago. To find European lineage in North Africa dating from 2,500 years ago was “very unexpected”, the professor said. The scientists were expecting to find DNA of indigenous North African lineage, because of the location, or from the

Genomes of headless Romans studied

The skeletons of seven Romans found in York, some of whom were decapitated, have undergone genome analysis. Archaeologists have speculated that the skeletons belonged to gladiators, although they could also have been soldiers or criminals. Several suffered perimortem decapitation and were all of a similar age – under 45 years old.

Mitochondrial genome from 500-year-old mummy sequenced

Researchers in Spain have managed to sequence the mitochondrial genome from a 500-year-old mummy found by hikers in Argentina in 1985. The Aconcagua boy died as part of an Incan ritual of child sacrifice called capacocha. Children and adolescents were taken to the tops of high peaks and left to die

Sequencing the DNA of New Zealand’s first dog

Researchers have sequenced the entire genome of the kur?, a now-extinctdog whose remains were recovered from Wairau Bar, an ancient Polynesian site in New Zealand. Kur? were smallish dogs about the size of cocker spaniels and were brought to New Zealand from East Polynesia in the colonising canoes that arrived in

Woolly mammoth genome sequenced

An international team of researchers have successfully sequenced the genome of woolly mammoths who lived in Siberia 45,000 years ago. This discovery means that recreating extinct species is a much more real possibility, one we could in theory realize within decades,” says evolutionary geneticist Hendrik Poinar, director of the Ancient DNA

Spain’s Iberian pig genome unchanged over five centuries

Genetic research carried out on a pig who lived in Spain during the early 16th century suggests that today pig is very closely related to the regions ancient pigs. A team of Spanish researchers have obtained the first partial genome sequence of an ancient pig. Extracted from a sixteenth century pig