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Mummy CT scan reveals blunt-force trauma

A CT scan carried out on an Incan mummy of an unknown woman has revealed that she was killed by blur-force trauma to the head. A new analysis shows that the mummy was once an Incan woman who also suffered from a parasitic disease that thickens the heart and intestinal walls,

New section of Inca Trail uncovered in Peru

A previously unknown section of the Inca Trail has been discovered in Peru. Among the surprising amount of orchids and flora, the new section was discovered by Peruvian archaeologists and will reportedly be available to visit in two years, after a research project is conducted. The new section of the trail is

Ecuador site may be last Inca emperor’s final resting place

An archaeological site in Ecuador may contain the tomb of Atahualpa, the last emperor of the Incas. Atahualpa was the last of his dynasty. During the Spanish conquest he was taken captive in what is now Cajamarca, Peru. He had been pressed to convert to Christianity and then the Spanish executed him

Incas conquered with politics

A study of skeletal remains suggests that the Inca grew their empire through politics and alliances rather than through violence. “It appears that the Inca relied less on warfare to conquer other groups and more on political alliances, bloodless takeovers and ideological control tactics,” Andrushko says. An Inca conquest gambit mentioned in

Evidence of Incan war found in Ecuador

Fortresses built 500 years ago have been found in Ecuador, evidence of a war fought by the people before the Spanish conquistadors arrived. The discoveries suggest that there is a ring of truth to stories that Spanish chroniclers told when they penetrated into South America during the 16th and 17th centuries. According

Llama droppings aided in the rise of the Incas

New research is suggesting that the Inca used llama droppings to fertilize their crops, allowing them to grow at high altitudes. In the June issue of Antiquity, paleoecologist Alex Chepstow-Lusty of the Institut Français d’Etudes Andines in Lima, presents findings from a lake sediment core showing that farmers near Cuzco began

Inca war shield found in Peru

A metal artifact, believed to be a war shield, has been found in what may be an Inca citadel in northern Peru. Biologist Leyda Gueiler said the metal artifact seems to be a war shield while the stone ornaments were carved into the shape of leaves. "This well preserved artifact is strong

Coca leaves first chewed 8,000 years ago

Evidence has pushed back by at least 3,000 years the use of coca leaves being chewed for medicinal purposes. Coca leaves contain a range of chemical compounds known as alkaloids. In modern times, the most notable among them is cocaine, extracted and purified by complex chemical means.But the chewing of