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9th-century Anglo-Saxon salve kills MRSA

Research conducted on a 9th-century Anglo-Saxon salve for eye infections has found that it kills the modern superbug MRSA. Dr Christina Lee, an Anglo-Saxon expert from the School of English has enlisted the help of microbiologists from University’s Centre for Biomolecular Sciences to recreate a 10th century potion for eye infections

The world’s oldest case of breast cancer

Research carried out on the remains of a woman found in the necropolis of Qubbet el-Hawa in Egypt have revealed that she had breast cancer. "The study of her remains shows the typical destructive damage provoked by the extension of a breast cancer as a metastasis," he said in a statement

Malaria test developed for ancient human remains

Scientists have developed a test for ancient human remains to determine if the deceased had Malaria. A Yale University scientist has developed a promising new method to identify malaria in the bone marrow of ancient human remains. It is the first time researchers have been able to establish a diagnostic, human

Medieval skulls show evidence of brain injuries

 A study of fractured medieval skulls found at three Danish cemeteries have revealed an increased risk of early death for those who had suffered head injuries. "The vast majority only had one blow" to the head, Milner said. But two skulls had two injuries apiece, including a man with an injury

Ancient brain surgery techniques recreated

Researchers have recreated ancient brain surgery techniques for the first time in 2,300 years. Among the findings made by the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, at the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, were that the surgeons were highly skilful with the operations carried out with only one primitive

Evidence of surgery found on pre-Columbian remains

Skeletons found at the pre-Columbian site of Kuelap in Peru show signs of bone surgery. The two moderately healthy male skeletons, one an adolescent and the other an adult of 30-34 years of age, were found to have drilled holes in the bones of their legs. The placement and depth suggest to

Ancient painkiller found in Colorado rock shelter

Traces of salicyclic acid have been found on a 1,300-year-old ceramic sherd found in a rock shelter in Colorado. The ethnographic record is rich with accounts of native peoples throughout the West using the bark, leaves, and roots of willow trees as a topical painkiller and to reduce inflammation. Particularly among Puebloan

Evidence of ancient brain surgery found in Peru

The remains of 32 individuals with 45 separate trepanation procedures have been found in burial caves in Peru. "When you get a knock on the head that causes your brain to swell dangerously, or you have some kind of neurological, spiritual or psychosomatic illness, drilling a hole in the head becomes