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Neanderthals used toothpicks

Traces of bark, found in Spain's El Sidrón Cave, with fossilized plaque on them suggest that Neanderthals used them as toothpicks. The scientists said they were mostly after the fossilized plaque known as dental calculus. It's the same stuff a hygienist will scrape off your teeth if you haven't done a

Neolithic tomb examined in Spain

Researchers have completed their examination of a 6,000-year-old Megalithic mound found near Burgos, Spain. The collective graves of the Neolithic period were made mostly of stone and were large enough to hold many bodies in a communal space. The megalithic tomb in Alto de Reinoso, Burgos differs from this in only

Major Roman settlement excavated in southern Spain

Researchers are unearthing what many believe may be one of the most important Roman settlements in Spain. As well as showing the extent of their latest excavations, the drawings reveal that the hilltop town has some of the most significant and virtually untouched Roman remains in the region showing the town

Neanderthal sleeping area and hearths found in Spanish cave

A sleeping area and more than 10,000 Neanderthal artifacts have been found in a cave in Catalonia. The existence of Neanderthals sleeping areas is a singularity in the world archaeological record. This type of record is only similar at some archaeological sites belongs to the Homo sapiens populations. This behaviour has

Neanderthal spear points found in Spanish cave

More than 20 spear points dating back 50,000 years have been found in Spain's Teixoneres Cave. Several of these points show diagnostic fractures typical of impacts over hard surfaces, probably over the prey bones. This discovery makes Teixoneres Cave an authentic hunting station and the Catalonian archaeological site, and probably one

Ancient Iberian peninsula diet was mostly plant-based

Analysis of ancient human remains found in northwestern Spain suggest that the people who lived in the area between 1800 B.C. to 1600 B.C. ate a mostly plant-based diet. "There are no significant differences between individuals in terms of diet, so access to food resources must have been similar, regardless of

Spain’s Red Lady was buried with flowers

Pollen found in the 18,700-year-old tomb of Spain's Red Lady suggest that she was buried with flowers. The burial of the so-called Red Lady, dating back to the Upper Palaeolithic, was discovered in El Mirón cave (Cantabria) in 2010. The Journal of Archaeological Science has devoted a special edition to all

New dates for disappearance of Neanderthals from Iberian Peninsula

New research suggests that Neanderthals disappeared from the Iberian Peninsula 45,000 years ago, 5,000 years earlier than they did from the rest of Europe. Analysis with high resolution techniques, which combined palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data, point to “a progressive weakening of the population, or rather, not towards an abrupt end, but