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2,500-year-old rice paddies found in Japan

Archaeologists digging on the island of Honshu have found remnants of 2,500-year-old rice paddies. The findings showed that 5,500 square meters of rice paddies had been planted in the early Yayoi Pottery Culture period (300 B.C.-A.D. 300) in what is now central Nara, researchers at the Archaeological Institute of Kashihara of

Genome study suggests farming was invented twice

A new genetic study suggests that farming was developed by two different populations in the Middle East. The team found stark differences between the genomes of Neolithic individuals from the southern Levant region, including Israel and Jordan, and those living across the Zagros Mountains in western Iran. The Zagros early farmers

Neolithic rice paddy discovered in Eastern China

Traces of a rice paddy that dates back to Neolithic times has been found in eastern China. Researchers with the institute found that the paddy was divided into parts with different shapes, each covering less than 10 square meters. They also found carbonized rice that was confirmed to have grown more than

Philistines introduced sycamore, cumin and opium into Israel

New findings have revealed that the Philistines had a major impact on the floral biodiversity of Israel. Recent studies have shown that alien species have had a substantial impact not only in recent times but also in antiquity. This is exemplified in a study published in the August 25th issue of

Peach trees domesticated 7,500 years ago in China

New research has revealed that farmers began to domesticate peach trees 7,500 years ago in the Yangtze River Valley in China. Peach stones are well represented at archeological sites in the Yangtze valley, so they compared the size and structure of the stones from six sites that spanned a period of

The birthplace of chili pepper farming

New research has revealed that the farming of chili peppers first took place in central-east Mexico between 7,000-9,000 years ago. Genetic material from dozens of samples of farm-raised and wild chili peppers seemed to point to northeastern Mexico as the origin of domestication for C. annuum, the researchers found. But the

Roman irrigation system found in England

Construction work at Cambridge University has led to the discovery of an early Roman irrigation system which dates back between 70-120 A.D. "Our findings have unearthed zebra-like stripes of Roman planting beds that are encircled on their higher northern side by more deep pit wells," Mr Evans said. "The gully-defined planting beds

Hunter-gatherers may have traded for bacon

New research suggests that hunter-gatherers in Europe may have traded with Neolithic farmers for domesticated pigs. "Humans love novelty, and though hunter-gatherers exploited wild boar, it would have been hard not to be fascinated by the strange-looking, spotted pigs owned by farmers living nearby," researcher Greger Larson at Durham University in