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Genome study suggests farming was invented twice

A new genetic study suggests that farming was developed by two different populations in the Middle East. The team found stark differences between the genomes of Neolithic individuals from the southern Levant region, including Israel and Jordan, and those living across the Zagros Mountains in western Iran. The Zagros early farmers

70 skeletal remains found at 9,000-year-old farming site

The remains of more than 70 individuals have been found at the 9,000-year-old farming site of Shk?rat Msaied in Jordan. “It is interesting there are an unusually large number of children buried, ranging from small babies to adolescents,” said Kinzel. “There seems to have been a strong tendency to bury children

2,800-year-old farmhouse found in Israel

A 23-room farmhouse which dates back 2,800 years has been found at Rosh Ha-‘Ayin in Israel. An impressive farm house, 2,800 years old, which comprised twenty-three rooms, was exposed in recent weeks during archaeological excavations the Israel Antiquities Authority is carrying out in Rosh Ha-‘Ayin before the city is enlarged in

Peach trees domesticated 7,500 years ago in China

New research has revealed that farmers began to domesticate peach trees 7,500 years ago in the Yangtze River Valley in China. Peach stones are well represented at archeological sites in the Yangtze valley, so they compared the size and structure of the stones from six sites that spanned a period of

The birthplace of chili pepper farming

New research has revealed that the farming of chili peppers first took place in central-east Mexico between 7,000-9,000 years ago. Genetic material from dozens of samples of farm-raised and wild chili peppers seemed to point to northeastern Mexico as the origin of domestication for C. annuum, the researchers found. But the

Roman irrigation system found in England

Construction work at Cambridge University has led to the discovery of an early Roman irrigation system which dates back between 70-120 A.D. "Our findings have unearthed zebra-like stripes of Roman planting beds that are encircled on their higher northern side by more deep pit wells," Mr Evans said. "The gully-defined planting beds

Early farmers fertilized their crops with manure

High levels of nitrogen-15 found in samples taken from early farming sites have revealed that farmers have been fertilizing crops with manure as early as 8,000 years ago. So how did early farmers figure out that spreading manure was a key to farming success? Bogaard says that there are several plausible

Agriculture developed independently in Iran

New evidence found in Chogha Golan in Iran suggests that farming developed independently in the area 11,500 years ago. About five years ago, archaeologist Nicholas Conard and archaeobotanist Simone Riehl of the University of Tübingen in Germany hooked up with researchers at the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (ICAR) in Tehran,